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Storage of calla bulbs in the winter at home after digging in the fall

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Callas are a very beautiful ornamental plant. And as all ornamental plants require, that she would be carefully prepared for the winter period and properly looked after her tubers until spring.

And if everything is done correctly, then this plant will delight you with its magnificent flowers for more than one year. And today we’ll talk with you about when to dig callas in the fall and how to store them properly during the long winter.

When and how to dig

Many summer residents ask, do I need to dig up callas for the winter? Tubers of these colors can withstand frosts of at least 2 ° C. And since in Russia, in almost every region, the temperature is much lower, callas should be dug up and stored in the basement until spring.

There are several rules for digging and keeping calla tubers until the next planting.

As soon as the plants fade and wither, and this happens around the last days of September, the tubers of the plant should be dug out of the ground, only very carefully so as not to damage the stem of the plant.

The next important step is drying. Put the dug tubers together with the stems into cardboard boxes and leave them in a dry room for a couple of weeks, but no more.

After two weeks, the stems and roots of the plant should be separated from the tuber. It will be easy to do this, since they managed to dry out in two weeks.

Then they should be thoroughly washed and treated each tuber with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. And again washed with running water.

After this, let the water drain and clean again in a dark, ventilated place for further drying for seven days.

After all the procedures described above, calla tubers can be stored in winter storage. But before that, it is necessary to remove their roots, which should be well separated after drying.

How to store

It is necessary to carefully check the entire planting material for various damage, including rot. If such tubers were discovered, then they urgently need to be treated.

The resulting foul spots are scraped off with a special tool, if this is not the case, then you can use an ordinary coffee or teaspoon.

Let the plants dry for several hours, and then treat the damaged areas with a solution of brilliant green (brilliant green) or activated carbon powder.

This method of preparing planting material is usually used if it is necessary to separate the children from the tuber. In no case should the baby be cut off, only broken off. And after that, the place where the baby grew, should be covered with green paint and wrapped tubers in newspapers or in paper napkins.

Throughout the winter, tubers should be periodically removed and inspected to check for rot spots. Rot should not be. And it will not be if the flowers are properly prepared for winter storage.

We prepare the prepared planting material in a cardboard box, close it with a lid and send it to a dry, cool place.

Callas are stored in this form, starting from October and ending with the month of April. Around the end of March or the beginning of April, the tubers get out of their “bed” and begin to wake from sleep.

The dates when you can dig callas for the winter, of course, are different for different regions of Russia.

  • In the south of the country, this may not be September or October, but November.
  • And in the northern regions, callas should be dug up already in August.

The best climatic zone for growing this plant is the South of the country and its middle lane, as the calla plant is thermophilic. After all, her homeland is Africa.

It is necessary to dig up plants not only together with stalks, but also together with lumps of the earth. In no case should you peel the soil from the bulbs, as this can damage not only the bulb itself, but also the rhizome of the plant.

Be sure to observe the storage temperature of calla tubers, if the temperature is lowered or raised, then the flowering of the plant can be forgotten. The optimum temperature for tubers is 7ºС.

Choose a place to store

A place to store can be any cool and dark place.

  • Many summer residents to store bulbs choose basements or cellars. And this is the best option.

But we must not forget about another very important rule: the room where the tubers are stored must be dry, and there should not be any dampness in it. After all, if high humidity prevails in the basement or cellar, then the plants can sprout before the due date or, even worse, begin to rot.

Inspect the tubers for rot and sprouting, at least once a week.

In the autumn, basements and cellars must be dried and treated with a disinfectant solution. The best way to dry and disinfect is to use a smoke bomb.

First of all, the basement must be freed from the remains of vegetables.

If a fungus has appeared on the walls and ceiling, then it urgently needs to be removed. Then lower the ignited smoke bomb and close the door. Wait about 3 hours and open the basement. If there are windows, they should also be opened for thorough ventilation.

  • A refrigerator can be a good place to store calla lilies, namely a compartment for vegetables and fruits. But before that, each tuber needs to be wrapped in newsprint, and then put in a plastic bag. The shelf life of planting material in the refrigerator is not as long as in a dry basement, and is only a couple of months.
  • Another way is a regular cardboard box. Put the prepared tubers in a box and put them in a cabinet or under the bed. This method will allow the plants to rest for no more than one month.

If suddenly calla began to awaken ahead of time, it must be planted in a large pot and grown as a houseplant. But as soon as the warm spring days come, it can be planted in open ground and taken care of as a garden flower.

Damage can result from improper storage or improper preparation for injury.

Such planting material should not be thrown out, because it is also suitable for planting. Just damaged areas should be cut with a thin knife, while capturing a healthy part of the plant. Slices are treated with a solution of ordinary green. Let the brilliant green dry a little and can be planted in prepared soil.

The main stages of preparation for winter

Experienced gardeners do not have a question whether they need to dig up callas for the coming winter. The plant is stored exclusively indoors, for this the necessary conditions are created. Tubers must be properly prepared for storage. The timing of these works is also different. You should focus on the onset of the first frosts.

  1. In the middle lane they occur in mid-October.
  2. In the southern regions, steady cooling sets in at the beginning of November.

How to dig callas

Digging of calla bulbs begins with the first temperature drops to minus indicators. They will not damage the plants. The process of ending the vegetative period will be launched. The nutrients of the flower will not be aimed at maintaining the leaves, the formation of new ones. Gardeners have several recommendations for the proper preparation of the plant before digging.

  1. Watering should be stopped approximately 2-3 weeks before the time of extraction of tubers.
  2. Leaves need to be cut, leaving them at the level of 7-8 cm. After the first frosts, this is easy to do with secateurs, scissors.
  3. It is better to dig tubers with a pitchfork. This reduces the risk of damage to the part that is underground.
  4. It is better to make a hole around the root system of a larger size. After the process is complete, carefully remove the soil from the tubers.

Dry Calla Lilies

Planting material needs to be thoroughly dried. Pre-tubers should be inspected, remove damaged tissue or parts. A healthy foundation should remain. To remove individual sections, it is better to use a garden shovel, a teaspoon. Healthy areas after removal of damaged tissue must be treated with a solution of brilliant green, sprinkled with crushed activated carbon. This eliminates the risk of developing diseases that affect the root system. Dispose of removed areas. They are not used for future fertilizer, which will be applied to the garden. So, the disease is easy to spread throughout the site.

Drying the bulbs is best in low cardboard boxes, plastic boxes that are used to store fruit. The bottom of the container must be lined with paper. Drying is carried out:

  • in a dark and cool place
  • subject to free air circulation,
  • in the absence of sunlight,
  • the temperature in the room should be at the level of 15-20 degrees.

Gardeners prefer to place boxes of tubers of harvested calla lilies in the basement, a well-ventilated garage. After a week, it is already possible to remove all remaining leaves without problems. In a week, the roots from the tubers will completely recede. Young mothers should not be removed from the mother plant. They do not have a separate partition. When split, it is easy to injure the plant. This process is carried out in the winter, when the "kids" are already ripe.

If the mother plant is damaged at the time of separation, the injured area must be treated with brilliant green, sprinkled with charcoal. On average, the drying time of planting material takes from 2 to 3 weeks.

How to store

Selected material for planting in winter should be inspected periodically. This will not allow to skip the resulting rot, timely if necessary, remove damaged areas. Bulbs should be stored in cardboard boxes in a dry, cool place. They are at rest from October to April. Of course, these terms are shifted by region. After all, in the northern regions, you need to dig up plants in August, and plant them when constant heat is established. Gardeners believe that the best place to grow flowers is the Middle Strip, Southern regions.

Wintering potted plants

Callas have successfully become plants that are found in many homes. They should also be periodically at rest. It is artificially necessary to stimulate the cessation of the vegetative period of the plant. To do this, just put the pot in a dark, cool place. Reduced and watering the flower. Many doubt whether it is necessary to dig up callas from a pot for the winter and store according to the established technology. Experts say that this procedure is optional. Tubers are well wintered in a pot, container.

Basement Content

Such a place is the most common for wintering of planting material. This storage technique requires certain rules to be followed.

  1. It is important to observe the temperature regime. Boxes with bulbs should stand in the basement at a temperature not lower than +5 and not higher than +10 degrees.
  2. Exceeding temperature conditions can cause premature germination of tubers.
  3. The storage period should last until the end of March. After, the bulbs need to be transplanted into the soil, pots.

Accommodation for the winter on the loggia

Loggia is one of the common places where it is very convenient to store flower bulbs. This is a great way to grow potted flowers at home. For such a technique, the following conditions are required:

  • by the onset of autumn, it is necessary to reduce watering, gradually preparing the plant for hibernation,
  • when the leaves die off, the flower pot needs to be moved to the balcony (necessarily glazed) or the loggia. There they are stored until spring.

Location until spring in the apartment

You can store prepared tubers in the apartment for those who do not have the opportunity to place the plant in the basement or on the balcony. An apartment is a risky storage method. It requires certain conditions:

  • the tubers should be in the coldest place of the apartment. For example, on window sills, away from the battery, near the balcony doors,
  • It is important to ensure temperature conditions (not higher than +20 degrees). Even at this temperature, the tubers can withstand wintering, however, closer to spring, they will dry out and wrinkle. This can adversely affect the flowering process in the summer.

Choose a place to store

A place to store can be any cool and dark place.

  • Many summer residents to store bulbs choose basements or cellars. And this is the best option.

But we must not forget about another very important rule: the room where the tubers are stored must be dry, and there should not be any dampness in it. After all, if high humidity prevails in the basement or cellar, then the plants can sprout before the due date or, even worse, begin to rot.

Inspect the tubers for rot and sprouting, at least once a week.

In the autumn, basements and cellars must be dried and treated with a disinfectant solution. The best way to dry and disinfect is to use a smoke bomb.

First of all, the basement must be freed from the remains of vegetables.

If a fungus has appeared on the walls and ceiling, then it urgently needs to be removed. Then lower the ignited smoke bomb and close the door. Wait about 3 hours and open the basement. If there are windows, they should also be opened for thorough ventilation.

  • A refrigerator can be a good place to store calla lilies, namely a compartment for vegetables and fruits. But before that, each tuber needs to be wrapped in newsprint, and then put in a plastic bag. The shelf life of planting material in the refrigerator is not as long as in a dry basement, and is only a couple of months.
  • Another way is a regular cardboard box. Put the prepared tubers in a box and put them in a cabinet or under the bed. This method will allow the plants to rest for no more than one month.

If suddenly calla began to awaken ahead of time, it must be planted in a large pot and grown as a houseplant. But as soon as the warm spring days come, it can be planted in open ground and taken care of as a garden flower.

Damage can result from improper storage or improper preparation for injury.

Such planting material should not be thrown out, because it is also suitable for planting. Just damaged areas should be cut with a thin knife, while capturing a healthy part of the plant. Slices are treated with a solution of ordinary green. Let the brilliant green dry a little and can be planted in prepared soil.

Callas need to be dug up for the winter following rules:

  1. Timing - usually do this in late September, early October. In principle, Callas may well endure the onset of the first cold weather in the earth, but it’s not worth the risk.
  2. When digging, you can not remove leaves and roots in tubers, everything is stored in one bundle.
  3. Before storage, they must be dried for 10-14 days.
  4. after that, treat the tubers themselves with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, finally dry and remove to the lower shelf of the refrigerator until spring.
  5. In the spring, carefully inspect the tubers for lesions, separate the children and plant them in pots in early April.

Usually, these flowers are dug up, because they love heat very much and can die from any frost, not to mention severe frost.

It is better to do this in the month of September, since in October the first frosts that the flower may not tolerate are already possible.

Be sure to dig up callas for the winter. This is a heat-loving plant in the south and does not like frost, most varieties will freeze if they are not dug up in the fall.

Most flower growers breed hybrid calla lilies, and they still require more care and a warm winter.

If you put callas in the cellar that are not dried, they will rot.

And I don’t bother with planting, digging callas, so in the fall and spring there are a lot of other things. My callas grow in pots all year round, in the spring I just take them outside, arrange them comfortably in a flower bed among other flowers. There they live until the end of September. Then we make a reverse relocation to the windowsill.

I transplant them as they grow in spring or autumn. And they bloom both at home and on the street.

Yes, this is a necessary condition for their survival. Although not many plants need wintering, calla lilies are one of them. Moreover, it is better to dig them out not just before winter, but already in September. Here is a detailed instruction for preparing a winter for callas:

Callas are gorgeous and beautiful flowers. Tubers of these flowers usually begin to be excavated in early September and until the end of October. Dig them out carefully without damaging the roots of the plant. Once you have dug them up, let them dry well for about 2 weeks. Then treat with a weak solution of manganese. It is better to store in the refrigerator on the lower shelf. In spring, the month of April is considered the best time for planting calla lilies.

Callas are gorgeous and beautiful flowers. Tubers of these flowers usually begin to be excavated in early September and until the end of October. Dig them out carefully without damaging the roots of the plant. Once you have dug them up, let them dry well for about 2 weeks. Then treat with a weak solution of manganese. It is better to store in the refrigerator on the lower shelf.

It depends on the type of callas. Если калла клубневая, то обязательно нужно выкопать до заморозков.Fresh tubers contain a lot of moisture, they are fragile, so they need to be dried for one or two weeks in a cool place with foliage, and only because of this, remove the foliage and roots and pack them for storage. It is better to store in the refrigerator at a temperature of +3 +5 degrees. At lower temperatures, moisture will be lost.

If calla has a root system, then in the fall it can be dug up and transplanted into a pot, it will bloom in winter and will delight you with its flowers.

Tuberous calla lilies are planted in greenhouses in March, and dug up in the autumn until frost and must immediately be put in sawdust and moss, in a cool place, in the basement, if there is one in the house. They do not like sunlight.

Rhizome should be sprinkled with earth and also in a cool place.

Callas are being dug up for the winter , because these are thermophilic plants and they will not tolerate winter frosts. Dig up calla tubers before frost. Then they are dried and left to be stored in a cool room, but inaccessible to frost.

In the fridge

If you need to winter a small number of tubers, then at home a refrigerator is suitable for this. This is the second flower storage method after the basement. For him, two important conditions must be met:

  • tubers must be wrapped with paper, placed in a separate compartment of the refrigerator, in which vegetables are usually stored,
  • the temperature should be between + 5-7 degrees.

Wake up callas with the arrival of spring

The middle band completes the wintering of callas in early April, the southern regions with the onset of March. To do this, you need to get the roots, conduct a thorough inspection for damage. Then they need to be treated with potassium permanganate, fungicide - this will help to avoid the development of fungal infection. If before the winter the children did not separate from the callas, you can do it now. Then the flower is transplanted into a pot for further growth and flowering.

Newbie Common Mistakes

In order for the flower to grow actively, it is necessary to adhere to certain recommendations. However, most novice gardeners often make mistakes that later lead to disastrous consequences and the plant does not work out to achieve the desired result.

  1. Tubers need to be dug carefully - the root system is very delicate, the slightest sharp movement will lead to damage.
  2. If there are children on the roots, it is better to wait for their independent separation, then remove from the main bulb.
  3. If you do not remove the small roots from the tuber, they will germinate during the wintering period.
  4. In the storage location, the temperature should be within 3-7 degrees above zero with a minimum level of humidity.

Finally

Gardeners tell beginners in detail how to care for callas, dig them up for the winter and store. This information will help to preserve the plants, and with the arrival of heat, plant again and enjoy the delicate flowering. The implementation of simple recommendations will save not only beauty, but also the health of flowers, which is also important.

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